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PERUVIAN BIODIVERSITY
We present Studies and Reports carried out by the Peruvian Institute for Amazonian Studies (IIAP) and the Ministry of Agriculture (MINAG), with which we have established an agreement by which we become a platform of information on the natural marvels which the Peruvian Amazon has to offer. 
Biofuels Baseline in the Peruvian Amazon

Human activities have caused impacts on the Earth since the dawn of humanity. The exploitation of natural resources has inevitably altered the global ecosystem causing loss of biodiversity.
Throughout the 20th century there has been an increase in the Earth and sea surface temperatures due to: the emission of gases that cause the greenhouse effect, productive and developmental activities, as well as by the uncontrolled loss of natural forests due to indiscriminate deforestation, which function as carbon sinks of the global ecosystem; burning fossil fuels being the main source of these emissions. This has changed the spatial and temporal pattern of rainfall, increased sea level and the “El Niño” phenomenon is becoming ever more frequent and intense. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) estimates that the average temperature of the Earth´s surface will rise from 1.4 to 5.8 °C by the end of the 21st century.
 

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Irapay: Harvesting leaves today and tomorrow

The depredation of natural resources causes a serious environmental problem in our Amazon, destroying large areas of forest which affects wildlife, and consequently, the economy of local communities, which within a traditional extractive model of survival depend ancestrally on these resources.
As a leading entity in productive conservation, the Peruvian Amazon Research Institute (IIAP) is promoting the sustainable use of biodiversity in different areas of the region; through the preparation of a series of materials that result from social interaction, which are useful for the dissemination and disclosure of knowledge.

Source: iiap.org.pe
 

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The cultivation of Ajipo

Hundreds of plant species are domesticated for food, particularly in the tropical areas of the world, many of which are unknown outside their native areas and are currently at risk of extinction because they are not preserved. However, many of these crops have features which could help solve the global food crisis, such as: they can be grown on marginal agricultural areas where dominant crops are rarely produced; they adapt and integrate locally creating sustainable agricultural systems with a high degree of reliability.

Source: iiap.org.pe

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The cultivation of the Rubber Tree

The polymer obtained from Hevea brasiliensis, known to the world as fine rubber, natural rubber, latex, rubber, amongst others, has been established as the most consumed elastomer in the world, for its unique properties amidst natural polymer-based products, mainly characterized by an excellent resistance to abrasion (wear), elasticity, plasticity and/or deformation, electrical insulation properties and impermeability to liquids and gases. The great utility and economic value of this resource has profoundly influenced the development of modern civilization.

Source: iiap.org.pe

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Rearing fish in the Pens of our Lake Cocha

The community has prepared the lake Cocha where the local people want to grow fish for food. Through community work, they have cleaned the lake by removing all of the plants floating and rooted in the background, built a pen with reed fences, and finally carried out the capture of the carnivorous fish.

Source: iiap.org.pe

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NANAY: COUNTRY OF IQUITO

Over four centuries ago, Antonio de León Pinelo placed heaven on earth at the confluence of the Ucayali and Marañón rivers, in what is now the Pacaya-Samiria National Reserve. However, the current situation of the Amazon region grows ever closer to a purgatory, or perhaps a hell. Any traveller visiting a rural community in the Amazon leaves with a sad impression: there is no resemblance to the paradise portrayed by some of the early explorers.

Source: iiap.org.pe

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Production Manual of Aguaje Crops

The slow progress of Amazon native fruit farming includes, among many reasons, the utilization within their natural habitats as is the case of aguaje, acai, camu camu among others, that doesn’t allow the sustainability required for the sustainable utilization of the species. On the other hand, there is limited information on integral production systems, which are included as components in agroforestry systems, systematic studies being necessary to enable a better understanding of the production process of the species that may lead to appropriate production processes to the Amazonian ecosystem and include new species of biodiversity to the regional and national economy, and in the future move into international markets.

Source: iiap.org.pe

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Volunteer plants in AGRO-SYSTEMS of the Peruvian-Amazonian floodplains

The catalogue of “Volunteer plants in the agro-ecosystems of the Peruvian Amazonian floodplains” is an important contribution to the knowledge of a group of species, in a largely understudied ecosystem, but of great importance in the development of agriculture in the Amazon.

It is part of a larger study, orientated to the knowledge of agriculture in soils which are seasonally flooded by the rising of great white-water rivers.
 

Source: iiap.org.pe

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Registry of chemical compounds of medicinal interest in Amazonian plant species

The present study originated as a necessity to complete the Medicinal Plants Database of the Peruvian Amazon Research Institute (IIAP from its Spanish initials). Initially 52 species have been reported, which corresponds to 29 families and 47 genera, with the common names popularly assigned to each species as indicated by the original database.

A variety of 30 series of organic chemical compounds were identified in the 52 species, the most frequent being alkaloids, tannins, saponins, flavonoids and triterpenes.

Source: iiap.org.pe

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Images of Paradise: the Allpahuayo-Mishana National Reserve (Spanish – English)

The Peruvian Amazon Research Institute (IIAP from its Spanish initials), committed to sustainable development, the management of natural resources and the conservation of biological diversity, places at their disposal this compilation of photographs of the Allpahuayo-Mishana National Reserve, taken by our researcher José Alvarez Alonso. This is merely a small sample of the extraordinary wealth of plants and animals harboured by this protected area, which thanks to its proximity to Iquitos and its accessibility, has become an exceptional setting for environmental education, recreation and tourism.

Source: iiap.org.pe

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Native Amazonian Fruit Trees

The Peruvian Amazon possesses great biological diversity, of which its enormous wealth of flora is worthy of being stressed.

This abundance includes, in a very important way, native fruit trees as a vital resource for Amazonian societies as it’s a premier source in the population’s diet, in the feeding of wild and domesticated animals, as well as raw material for regional agro-industry.
 

Source: iiap.org.pe

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Conservation and Management of Biodiversity and Fragile Ecosystems

The forests have a great value derived by its functions of generating goods and services essential for human life and activities; knowing such values in monetary terms allows the correct allocation of resources for its conservation and sustainable utilization.

Source: iiap.org.pe

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CAMU-CAMU (Mirtaceae Myrciaria dubia): Contributions for its sustainable use in the Peruvian Amazon

Camu camu, because of how special it is, has deserved priority attention from both the public sector, to promote its cultivation, and the private investment initiatives, for its utilization and commercialization to foreign markets. The insufficient systematized information and management technologies of this biodiversity resource in the Amazon, puts a brake on taking action for sustainable development.

Source: iiap.org.pe

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Contributions to the Knowledge of Native Amazonian Fruit Trees

Native Amazonian fruit trees, due to their great importance in the ecosystems of the Peruvian Amazon, require a great deal of attention by the scientific community and the Amazonian villagers in general, as it’s an invaluable source in the human diet and in the feeing of wild and domesticated animals, opening up new opportunities for the expansion of the regional agro-industry, environmental services and touristic attractions.

Source: iiap.org.pe

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Camu Camu seeding and cultivation

The most adequate seed for camu camu cultivation would be the one gathered and selected from plants with special characteristics or different from the others. This plant would be able to produce a greater quantity and better fruit according to size, form and acidity.




Source: minag.gob.pe

 

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Sacha inchi cultivation

Sacha Inchi is a species from the Peruvian Amazon, found in the regions of Loreto, San Martin, Amazonas, Junín, Ucayali, Madre de Dios and Cusco.
 




Source: minag.gob.pe

 

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Quinua – Main Properties of the Production Chain

Quinoa is an Andean grain from the Quenopodiaceas family. It is a species which has been cultivated and domesticated in Peru since pre-hispanic times; Lake Titicaca watershed contains the greatest biological diversity of this plant.

Source: minag.gob.pe

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ADVANCES IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE IN AMAZONAS REGION, PERU

Native fish farming is constantly becoming more common in the extensive Amazonian region of Peru. Tambaqui (Colossoma macropomum), pacu (Piaractus brachypomus) and boquichico (Prochilodus nigricans) are raised in different areas, as much for food security by small fishermen and fish farmers as for commercial uses.

Source: www.iiap.org.pe

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AGUAJE – The marvelous Amazon palm

Committed to sustainable development, the management of natural resources and the conservation of Amazonian biological diversity, the Peruvian Amazonian Institute for Study (IIAP) puts this compilation of information in your hands, as well as photographs of the most important resources from the ecological, social, and economical perspective in the Amazon: aguaje.

Source: www.iiap.org.pe

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Biology of Fish Population of the Amazon and Fish Farming

The Amazon has great diversity of ecosystems, in which rich and varied fish species have developed and sustain an annual catch of thousands of tons of fish to feed the population; they include thousands of ornamental fish species which have been commercialized in Asian, European, and North American markets.

Source: www.iiap.org.pe

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Native Amazonian Fruits: Food Heritage of Humanity

This study has the goal of bettering the social-economic conditions of the Amazonian settler through an investigation aimed at sustainable development and caring for native amazon fruits. Using didactic language, people can freely see the results.

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Flowering Branches of the Forest Experiences in the management of Medicinal Plants

This study makes advances available from experiments in the management and systemization of medicinal plants in the Peruvian Amazon, such as Clavo huasca, Copaiba, Chancapiedra, Guarana, and Dragon´s Blood, among others. The study prioritizes health and the development of adequate living conditions of the populations in its environment.



Source:
www.iiap.org.pe

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Medicinal Plans commonly used in the Peruvian Amazon

This study, carried out within the framework of the Araucana Amazonas Nauta Project, is over the botanical investigation and use of 16 species of medicinal plants, such as Abuta, Garlic VIne, Bolsa Mullaca, Cacao, Chancapiedra, and Chuchuhuasi among others.

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Economic Value of Biological Diversity in the Area of Influence in the Iquitos-Nauta Highway.

The central objective of this study is to estimate the costs and benefits of the Allpahuayo Mishana Reserve Area (ZRAM) in order to suggest policy measures to orient distributional effects. Furthermore, an economic evaluation of carbon capturing services were evaluated in the Iquitos-Nauta highway area of influence (AICIN).



Source:
www.iiap.org.pe

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INKANATURA, 2013 Enlaces Externos: Inkanatural Inkanat