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Registry of chemical compounds of medicinal interest in Amazonian plant species Back

The present study originated as a necessity to complete the Medicinal Plants Database of the Peruvian Amazon Research Institute (IIAP from its Spanish initials). Initially 52 species have been reported, which corresponds to 29 families and 47 genera, with the common names popularly assigned to each species as indicated by the original database.

A variety of 30 series of organic chemical compounds were identified in the 52 species, the most frequent being alkaloids, tannins, saponins, flavonoids and triterpenes.

Of the various groups of chemical compounds identified, mostly isolated molecules and/or those that possess representative pharmacological properties are named, in the majority of species three specific molecules are present and in other species two or one, because of the similarity of the chemical structure of the compounds present in each individual species.

The structures of the representative active molecules were plotted using the SymxDraw3.2 program, which was downloaded for free from the internet.

38 pharmacological properties have been reported, being those that have further studies, referring to anti-inflammatory, anti-carcinogenic and antimicrobial activity.

During toxicity, for many there were no studies found and 18 species toxicity studies were presented, high, watered-down and moderate, in some cases its toxicity was reported as larvicidal activity.
For each species there is a bibliography ranging from one to a maximum of 8 references, giving a total of 169 bibliographic references.
 

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INKANATURA, 2013 Enlaces Externos: Inkanatural Inkanat