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High level of school desertion, mainly with the goal of helping parents with their chores. Casa del representante de la comunidad Alfonso Ugarte; su esposa nos despide sonriente.

The native community of Alfonso Ugarte consists of 118 members, and can be found in the district El Tigre, Loreto Province, department of Loreto, between the town of Intuto and the native community 28 de Julio.

The community can be reached by land and river; the boats leave from the city of Iquitos and follow the Amazon river until reaching the mouth of the Tigre River, which will take another two days to navigate through. The journey in a public motorboat takes 3 days and 2 nights. In a 100 Hp boat departing from the city of Nauta, the journey takes 6 hours. All boats stop in Intuto, from where passengers take a motorcar which takes them to their community in about 5 minutes.

For the most part, communities are considered indigenous when they preserve their native tongue when speaking among family groups. A large part of the population speaks and knows their native language, but prefers to speak Spanish. Some youngsters only speak Spanish, but know their native tongue to some extent. The oldest people speak Jibaro.

There is no medical post. In case of an emergency, the members of the community have to go to the nearest hospital in the town of Intuto. The community owns a territory with cochas1 where they fish, and primary forest in the furthest boundaries, from where they obtain their products for the construction of houses, food (animals, plants) and medication.

On average, each family owns 2.5 acres of farmland, where they grow mainly bananas. These farmlands are surrounded by irrigated forests with different floristic structures, which allow us to identify ecosystems that are almost homogeneous, such as the fields of Camu Camu, Aguaje, Yarina and Chonta.


Motofurgón de traslado entre la comunidades cercanas al centro urbano de Intuto.

The native community is organized by a Community Assembly in which decisions are made, with a board  that consists of the Apu (local chief), secretary, treasurer, prosecutor and two spokesmen. The community also has communal authorities: a municipal agent, lieutenant governor and the community teacher as the leader.

The meetings are held once a month, usually the last Saturday of each month. Both men and women participate. The level of participation is medium, 50% of the population in the communal assemblies attends the assemblies, even the youngsters, who are not yet defined as community members. Women are included in the lists of residents and even participate in various internal organizations within the community.

The educational infrastructure only has one classroom, a teacher led to service early education.

Centro de Enseñanza de Primaria de la Comunidad Alfonso Ugarte.

Forest Exploitation

The community members are generally farmers or fishermen, activities which are completed by forest exploitation activities. They extract AguajeCamu CamuHuasaí and wood from their community and neighboring forests.

Sangre de Grado en la chacra del representante de la comunidad.
Sacha Inchi antes de madurar.

The general perception is that the abundance of natural resources is always decreasing, and that more and more time is needed to obtain them, which causes problems for the families. Sometimes, the men have to go away for several days to fish and hunt and leave their wives and children by themselves in the community. That is why they start turning more towards agriculture. They produce mainly bananas. Banana, Manioc and Corn are the main crops, which are planted mainly for consumption and trade in small quantities; the bananas are most often sold on the market, usually to buy bare necessity products.

In their habitat, there has been strong pressure to extract fish at random. This is aggravated by other factors, such as the irresponsible use of techniques, the use of toxic chemicals and pollution by oil extraction companies, which eventually causes the loss of fishery resources.

The fishing activity is primarily a male task. More and more women participate in this activity. Usually women accompany their partners and are in charge of cleaning and preparing the fish. The fish are mainly for consumption, with the exception of mijano(a variety of native fish). When in season, the mijano fish which is traded on a small scale. The products are sold in the town of Intuto.

The men go to hunt, although few of them are dedicated to this activity; they leave their families for long periods of time and bring back products for consumption and trade in their community in Intuto (district capital). The fishing activity is performed by the men in the community, accompanied by their sons who are older than 18.

Fogón de cocina de una de las casa de la comunidad de Ugarte.
The flooded forest is very rich in Aguaje, Ungurahui, Huasaí, Chambira, Shinamillo, Yarina, exploitable by men and women for consumption and trade.  Unfortunately,  they have lost their sustainable harvesting techniques (see Biotrade). Currently, they fell palm trees to take advantage of them.  However, the fields lie far away from the community (2-3 hours), which makes the extraction activity more expensive.
Read more information about other APIKET Communities
Apayacu 28 de Julio Alfonso Ugarte Santa María Santa Elena Belén Sargento Lores
INKANATURA, 2013 External Links: Inkanatural Inkanat